Boxplot | Lean Six Sigma, Six Sigma Certification

A box plot is a basic graphing tool that displays the centering, spread, and distribution of a continuous data set. In simplified terms, it is made up of a box and whiskers (and occasional outliers) that correspond to each fourth, or quartile, of the data set. The box represents the second and third quartiles of data. The line that bisects the box is the median of the entire data set-50% of the data points fall below this line and 50% fall above it. The first and fourth quartiles are represented by “whiskers,” or lines that extend from both ends of the box.